How to Install Fork CMS with NGINX on Debian 9

Fork is a straightforward to make use of open-source CMS utilizing Symfony Parts. It has an intuitive and user-friendly interface, highly effective apps that you’ll be able to obtain to develop your website, and a large assortment of stunning themes. On this tutorial, we are going to undergo the Fork CMS set up and setup on Debian 9 system by utilizing Nginx as an internet server, MariaDB because the database engine, and optionally you’ll be able to safe the transport layer by utilizing shopper and Let’s Encrypt certificates authority so as to add SSL assist.


Necessities for putting in and operating Fork CMS are:

  • PHP model 7.1 or larger.
  • The next PHP extensions ought to be put in and enabled: cURL, libxml, DOM, SimpleXML, SPL, PDO (with MySQL driver), mb_string, iconv, GD2 graphics library, JSON, PCRE, intl.
  • MySQL 5.Zero or larger.
  • NGINX or Apache with .htaccess, mod_rewrite, mod_expires (elective however really helpful), mod_deflate(elective) enabled.
  • An working system operating Debian 9.
  • A non-root consumer with sudo privileges.

Preliminary steps

Examine your Debian model:

lsb_release -ds
# Debian GNU/Linux 9.9 (stretch)

Arrange the timezone:

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Replace your working system packages (software program). This is a vital first step as a result of it ensures you’ve gotten the most recent updates and safety fixes to your working system’s default software program packages:

apt replace && apt improve -y

Set up some important packages which can be mandatory for fundamental administration of the Debian working system:

apt set up -y curl wget vim git sudo unzip socat bash-completion dirmngr apt-transport-https

Step 1 – Set up PHP and PHP extensions

Debian doesn’t present the most recent PHP model in its default software program repositories. We’ll want so as to add a neighborhood maintained the third-party repository.

sudo wget -O /and so on/apt/trusted.gpg.d/php.gpg
echo "deb $(lsb_release -sc) main" | sudo tee /and so on/apt/sources.listing.d/php.listing
sudo apt replace

Set up PHP, in addition to the required PHP extensions for Fork CMS:

sudo apt set up -y php7.2 php7.2-cli php7.2-fpm php7.2-common php7.2-mysql php7.2-curl php7.2-json php7.0-zip php7.2-gd php7.2-xml php7.2-mbstring php7.2-opcache php7.2-intl

To point out PHP compiled in modules, you’ll be able to run:

php -m

. . .
. . .

Examine the PHP model:

php --version
# PHP 7.2.19-1+0~20190531112637.22+stretch~1.gbp75765b (cli) (constructed: Might 31 2019 11:26:38) ( NTS )
# Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
# Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Applied sciences
# with Zend OPcache v7.2.19-1+0~20190531112637.22+stretch~1.gbp75765b, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Applied sciences

PHP-FPM service is mechanically began and enabled on reboot on Debian 9 system, so there isn’t any want to start out and allow it manually. We will transfer on to the following step, which is the database set up and setup.

Step 2 – Set up MariaDB and create a database for Fork CMS

Set up MariaDB database server:

sudo apt set up -y mariadb-server

Examine the MariaDB model:

mysql --version
# mysql Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.1.38-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) utilizing readline 5.2

Run mysql_secure set up script to enhance MariaDB safety and set the password for MariaDB root consumer:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Reply every of the questions:

Would you prefer to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin? N
New password: your_secure_password
Re-enter new password: your_secure_password
Take away nameless customers? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Take away check database and entry to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

Connect with MariaDB shell as the foundation consumer:

sudo mysql -u root -p
# Enter password

Create an empty MariaDB database and consumer for Fork CMS and keep in mind the credentials:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE dbname;
mysql> GRANT ALL ON dbname.* TO 'username' IDENTIFIED BY 'mypassword';

Substitute the phrase mypassword with a safe password of your selection. Exit from MariaDB:

mysql> exit

Substitute dbname, username and password with your personal names.

Step 3 – Set up shopper and procure Let’s Encrypt certificates (elective)

Securing your web site with HTTPS will not be mandatory, however it’s a good apply to safe your website site visitors. To acquire an SSL certificates from Let’s Encrypt we are going to use shopper. is a pure Unix shell software program for acquiring TLS certificates from Let’s Encrypt with zero dependencies.

Obtain and set up

sudo su - root
git clone
./ --install --accountemail [email protected]
supply ~/.bashrc
cd ~

Examine model: --version
# v2.8.2

Receive RSA and ECC/ECDSA certificates to your area/hostname:

# RSA 2048 --issue --standalone -d --keylength 2048
# ECDSA --issue --standalone -d --keylength ec-256

If you’d like faux certificates for testing you’ll be able to add --staging flag to the above instructions.

After operating the above instructions, your certificates and keys will probably be in:

  • For RSA: /residence/username/ listing.
  • For ECC/ECDSA: /residence/username/instance.com_ecc listing.

To listing your issued certs you’ll be able to run: --list

Create a listing to retailer your certs. We’ll use a listing /and so on/letsencrypt.

mkdir -p /and so on/letsecnrypt/
sudo mkdir -p /and so on/letsencrypt/instance.com_ecc

Set up/copy certificates to /and so on/letsencrypt listing.

# RSA --install-cert -d --cert-file /and so on/letsencrypt/ --key-file /and so on/letsencrypt/ --fullchain-file /and so on/letsencrypt/ --reloadcmd "sudo systemctl reload nginx.service"
# ECC/ECDSA --install-cert -d --ecc --cert-file /and so on/letsencrypt/instance.com_ecc/cert.pem --key-file /and so on/letsencrypt/instance.com_ecc/personal.key --fullchain-file /and so on/letsencrypt/instance.com_ecc/fullchain.pem --reloadcmd "sudo systemctl reload nginx.service"

All of the certificates will probably be mechanically renewed each 60 days.

After acquiring certs exit from root consumer and return again to regular sudo consumer:


Step 4 – Set up and configure NGINX

Set up the NGINX net server:

sudo apt set up -y nginx

Examine the NGINX model:

sudo nginx -v
# nginx model: nginx/1.10.3

Configure NGINX for Fork CMS. Run sudo vim /and so on/nginx/sites-available/fork.conf and add the next configuration:

server {
     hear 80;
     hear 443 ssl;
root /var/www/fork; index index.php index.html; server_name;

ssl_certificate /and so on/letsencrypt/;
ssl_certificate_key /and so on/letsencrypt/;
ssl_certificate /and so on/letsencrypt/instance.com_ecc/fullchain.pem;
ssl_certificate_key /and so on/letsencrypt/instance.com_ecc/personal.key; location / { # Checks whether or not the requested url exists as a file $uri or listing $uri/ within the root, else redirect to /index.php. try_files $uri $uri/ @redirects; } location @redirects { rewrite ^ /index.php; } location ~ .php$ { try_files $uri =404; embrace fastcgi_params; fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock; fastcgi_index index.php; fastcgi_read_timeout 60; fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.php)(/.+)$; fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name; } # Do not pollute the logs with widespread requests location = /robots.txt { access_log off; log_not_found off; } location = /favicon.ico { access_log off; log_not_found off; } # As Fork CMS has the app_root as doc_root, we have to prohibit entry to some issues for safety functions! location ~* ^/(composer..*|vendor/.*|Procfile$|.git/.*|src/Console.*|.*.gitignore|.editorconfig|.travis.yml|autoload.php|bower.json|phpunit.xml.dist|.*.md|app/logs/.*|app/config/.*|src/Frontend/Cache/CompiledTemplates.*|src/Frontend/Cache/Locale/.*.php|src/Frontend/Cache/Navigation/.*.php|src/Frontend/Cache/Search/.*|src/Backend/Cache/CompiledTemplates/.*|src/Backend/Cache/Locale/.*.php)$ { deny all; access_log off; log_not_found off; } # Deny entry to dot-files. location ~ /. { deny all; access_log off; log_not_found off; } }

Activate the brand new fork.conf configuration by linking the file to the sites-enabled listing:

sudo ln -s /and so on/nginx/sites-available/fork.conf /and so on/nginx/sites-enabled

Examine NGINX configuration for syntax errors:

sudo nginx -t

Reload NGINX service:

sudo systemctl reload nginx.service

Step 5 – Set up Composer

Set up Composer, the PHP dependency supervisor globally:

php -r "copy('', 'composer-setup.php');"

php -r "if (hash_file('sha384', 'composer-setup.php') === '48e3236262b34d30969dca3c37281b3b4bbe3221bda826ac6a9a62d6444cdb0dcd0615698a5cbe587c3f0fe57a54d8f5') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"

php composer-setup.php

php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"

sudo mv composer.phar /usr/native/bin/composer

Examine Composer model:

composer --version
# Composer model 1.8.5 2019-04-09 17:46:47

Step 6 – Set up Fork CMS

Create a doc root listing.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/fork

Change possession of the /var/www/fork listing to the consumer that you’re presently logged in, in my case, this username is johndoe.

sudo chown -R johndoe:johndoe /var/www/fork

Substitute johndoe along with your login username within the above command! Obtain the most recent secure launch of Fork CMS from the command line.

cd /var/www/fork
composer create-project forkcms/forkcms .

Change possession of the /var/www/fork listing to www-data.

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/fork

Edit the app/config/parameters.yml.dist file and set database info.

sudo vim /var/www/fork/app/config/parameters_install.yml

Utilizing your most well-liked net browser, open your website and comply with the Fork CMS installer. After following the installer you must have Fork up and operating. To entry the Fork admin space simply append /personal to your website URL.

Step 7 – Full the Fork CMS setup

Ensure your server meets all the necessities and proceed:

Fork CMS installer

Choose language and click on subsequent:

Select language

Choose the settings as you would like and click on subsequent:


Enter your database settings and click on subsequent. Ensure you already created the database.

Database details

Create consumer and end the set up:

Finish installation

You will note the next web page after you full all of the above steps:

Fork CMS login

You have got efficiently put in Fork CMS. Get pleasure from your new CMS!


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